Understanding RESPOND technology:
What is demand response?
Demand response (DR) refers to targeted, short-term reductions inenergy consumption during times of peak demand in exchange for financial incentives. DR is most commonly implemented in the industrial sector, where energy use is high and peak energy demand comes at a significant cost to utilities and the grid itself. However, as distributed energy resources and renewables become mainstream, DR programs will play an increasingly important role in balancing energy demand within the residential energy sector as well. Despite having a lower individual energy consumption per site, the potential to exploit demand flexibility for home appliances can contribute to grid load balancing and demand shaping.
To exploit this untapped potential, the RESPOND project will deploy an interoperable energy automation, monitoring and control solution that will deliver demand response at a building unit, building and district level. Using smart energy monitoring infrastructure, RESPOND will be able to detect energy conservation opportunities and adapt to indoor and outdoor conditions, and comfort levels in real time through optimal energy dispatching, taking both supply and demand into account.
The RESPOND project aims to implement a cooperative energy demand management solution so that residential energy users can better match energy supply with demand. To demonstrate its viability and potential, the RESPOND solution will be deployed in three pan-European pilot sites in Spain, Ireland and Denmark. Pilot sites were intentionally preselected to test the RESPOND solution in different climate zones, residence type (rental and ownership) and population densities, each with different types of energy monitoring and resources available.
Read more about the pilot projects below:
buildings in Madrid
Spanish utility Fenie Energia will conduct a pilot demonstration project in a community of 3 private apartment buildings with 24 dwellings. Fenie Energia is the electricity and gas provider of the pilot site, with access to data collected by the network operator. There is no self-generation installation or monitoring system for household devices, apart from fiscal meters for electricity and gas. RESPOND will be deployed to receive consumption inputs, perform optimisation and take control actions on the devices, as well as install smart meters and home automation devices provided by consortium members.
community in Aarhus
This pilot consists of a public housing district with 30 residential buildings, 4 of which have been selected for the RESPOND demonstration pilot. Although the estate is equipped with solar panels, there is no demand response program deployed, so part of the RESPOND demonstration project would be to deploy a program reflecting DR possibilities. The pilot dwellings will also be equipped with home automation solutions in order to give full control to the RESPOND system. The RESPOND platform will also aim to integrate the metering points, including smart meters, for optimal data monitoring, analysis and control.
24 dwellings on the Aran Islands
Located 10 nautical miles west of Galway, these 3 islands comprise a total population of 1,225 inhabitants. There are 448 total dwellings, 24 of which have been selected for the RESPOND demonstration project. The islanders used to rely on imported fossil fuels for gas and heating, but have since switched to electrical heating with heat pumps, PV and solar-thermal arrays. Smart metering exists in the form of temperature sensors and power meters, while a number of heating devices can be controlled wirelessly. The RESPOND project will aim to deploy additional home automation and smart metering devices for the purposes of the pilot demonstration.